The Progress of Industrial Machinery

Metal Fabrication Process

When we look around us we will find many products which have been fabricated using the process of metal fabrication. To begin with, things range from aerospace components to paper clips and everything in between is in the form of metal or alloy stock. Also, various metal manufacturing processes are utilized for in changing them and giving them the desired shape and form. 

It should also be noted that not only commercial or industrial companies use a fabrication process, often homeowners also need metal manufacturing to personalize alloy parts to fulfill any particular requirement they have got. 

A number of machines are used in the fabrication process which include: 


Also known as a ‘cropper’ or ‘punch and shears’, the guillotine is mechanically or hydraulically powered and is used to cut plates prepared for fabrication. It works by clamping the steel with a ‘ram’ then cutting it with a moving shear. Steel has a great ‘shearability rating’ and requires much lower energy expenditure to cut than other metals. 

Beam Line 

Beam drill lines have been utilized to drill and notch steel segments. They are extremely complicated pieces of equipment and provide much faster drilling solutions than manual methods. They frequently integrate computer technology to precisely automate where to drill and notch holes in steel beams. 

We will now look at different metal manufacturing processes and what they are used for. 

Different Metal Fabrication Processes – Material Removal Process, Deformation Procedure 

Different manufacturing techniques are utilized depending upon the requirement. Normally, any production process can be divided into two broad categories, consisting of removal or deformation procedure. We will examine both of these processes in this section. 

Material Removal Process 

Some of the methods that are part of the material removal procedure include: 

  • Cutting metal: Power scissors are just another choice for cutting metal and also need significantly less amount of manual work. Other options consist of laser beams and mechanical saw blades. 
  • Machining: Machining on CNC lathe is used for removing material from sheet metal. Additionally, such material could be rotated against some other cutting tool to achieve the desired result. 
  • Punching: Here pressure is put by punch and die tool for creating a hole within the material in addition to taking away the scrap.  
  • Blanking: During this procedure, a piece of material is removed from a larger sheet. Normally, in this kind of manufacture blanking is done for many pieces together. 
  • Stamping: This is similar to punching, but the main difference is that die is used for raising a particular portion of the metal instead of cutting it. 
  • Shearing: In shearing two tools are used together for developing a lengthy cut with one of the tools above and the other one located under the sheet metal for implementing pressure.  
  • Nibbling: Here a contour is cut by making several overlapped slits in the material to make elaborate shapes. 


Different Types of Metal Fabrication – Commercial, Industrial, Structural 

Deformation Process 

In this metal fabrication procedure, force is applied over the material for changing its shape and achieving a specific design. Some techniques utilised in this process are: 

  • Bending: This press brake system is often used having dies which pinch sheet metal for forming a crease. It’s limited usage due to component’s motion and configuration contours which can be attained for the dies. 
  • Roll Forming: In this process, a string of several bending operations are employed for shaping metal. The metal is forced through roller dies and ends in deformation in addition to the bending of the material.  
  • Spinning: It is also known as spin forming which is used specifically for the manufacture of cylindrical components.  
  • Deep drawing: This procedure is used for stretching the alloy to attain the necessary shape. Usage of tensile force results in deformation of the material into a cup-like shape. 

Metal fabrication is a helpful method which can be utilized for different purposes. Whether you need to manufacture automotive bodies, weld mesh, cookware, agricultural resources or any other thing, the uses are limitless. 


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